The Pomeranian: A Complete Guide

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If you are looking for a unique little dog, with an eye-catching appearance, and a whole lot of personality, the Pomeranian might be your best choice.

This tiny breed is a descendant of larger sled dogs. These genes have stuck through the ages and this little dog is now known as “a dog that thinks he can do everything”.

The Pomeranians are active, compact, and surprisingly great obedience and agility competitors, yet they can be great family dogs as well.

Our Pomeranian guide is meant to provide an in-depth, honest insight into the breed. You will get more familiar with their health, how to take care of them, and what to expect when it comes to their personality.

But, let’s first take a look at what you should keep an eye on before and when buying a Pomeranian puppy.

The Pomeranian Puppies – Before You Buy…

A small Pomeranian with an orange cone
Pomeranian needs his toys and the company of the TV or another pet.

Before making the final decision, there are certain things you should be aware of. For example, you need to know if a Pomeranian puppy isn’t too much of a hit on your budget.

Also, you need to learn what to keep in mind when looking for a breeder.

And finally, knowing how the pups behave and what to expect from them will make the choice much easier.

Let’s start with the price.

What price are the Pomeranian puppies?

When it comes to the Pomeranian puppy price range, we have to admit that it is a rather wide one.

For example, you will find Pomeranian pups with a $500 price tag, while you will also find ones that go for $4000.

Why such a difference? Well, with the $500 one, you don’t know what you are getting in terms of current health and possible genetic health problems that might show up later in its life.

In most cases, cheap Pomeranian pups come from either backyard breeders or puppy mills. Whichever the case is, you should avoid that choice.

On the other hand, the high price tag means that you are dealing with a breeder that has dog show champion parents, and the pups are pure showcase material.

Also, they provide all the necessary health test clearances and you can be sure that the pup you buy doesn’t come with any hidden health issues.

But, if you are looking just for a pet and dog shows are not your cup of tea, the price range you can expect goes from $700 to $1,500.

How to find reputable Pomeranian breeders?

Two Pomeranian dogs running
If you own a Pomeranian, you need a lot of patience.

If you have set your mind and you are determined to buy a Pomeranian puppy, the best thing you can do is finding a breeder that specializes in this breed and is concerned with their temperament and health.

But, since this breed is extremely popular, you also need to keep in mind that many will want to get a piece of the action.

What that means is that you will come across many “breeders” that are not interested in having healthy pups with a good temperament but just in making some quick money.

Therefore, you have to make sure that the breeder you choose to buy the puppy from, invested in health test clearances and that he doesn’t have a problem in showing the test results even without being asked to.

Also, a reputable Pomeranian breeder will give you an insight into the breed’s traits and even help you with any concerns you might have regarding raising the dog and making it a healthy and happy part of the family.

Their main goal is finding a family that will love them and takes proper care of them.

3 Little-known facts about the Pomeranian puppies

In this part, you will get to know some interesting and little-known facts about the Pomeranian puppies.

  • They usually change color as they age

Even though your pup will have a certain color scheme when you get it, as time goes, he will start changing the colors.

For example, if your pup is cream-colored in the beginning, don’t be surprised if it becomes brown when it grows up.

This is completely normal for this breed and there’s no need to worry about it. Though not all pups change colors and there isn’t a way to know this upfront.

  • Throwback Pomeranian puppies

From time to time, Pomeranians get born in pure white color. This is known as a Throwback Pomeranian, and it has to do with their ancestors’ genes.

These pups hugely resemble their sled dog ancestors and are significantly larger than today’s standard Pomeranians.

They can go even over 20 pounds in weight, and carry a much more unpredictable temperament.

  • The housebreaking can take a while

Pomeranian pups can sometimes be stubborn and complicated when it comes to housebreaking.

Therefore, if you notice such behavior, we recommend crate training.

See: 4 Alternatives To The Cone of Shame

Physical Traits of the Pomeranian

A white fluffy Pomeranian
Pomeranian is an energetic dog.

This is the part where you get to know the physical side of the Pomeranian breed.

You will find out how big your dog can get when fully grown and how long can you expect him to live.

How big is a full-grown Pomeranian?

Unlike their ancestors, today’s Pomeranians are small. When fully grown, you can expect your dog to be anywhere from 7 to 12 inches high.

As for weight, the range goes from 3 to 7 pounds. Yeah, they are tiny furballs, but with a big heart.

What is the life expectancy of the Pomeranian?

Even though they are small in size and weight, Pomeranians can live quite long.

You can expect your dog to reach up to 16-17 years of age, which means there will be plenty of room for tons of happy, funny moments in your life together.

Intelligence, Temperament and Personality Traits of the Pomeranian

One of the things you cannot expect from your Pomeranian is that he will be boring.

You will discover that your dog comes in a small size, yet has plenty of character and loyalty and love for you and your family.

Pomeranians are well known for being spirited, bold, tenacious and sometimes stubborn, and, expect to invest plenty of time in challenging his intelligence because Pomeranians need training that offers positive reinforcement

Even though they are small in size, Pomeranians are a lively breed and they do need a minimum of one walk daily. Also, regular playtime and family interactions are on their daily routine list as well.

Furthermore, this is a breed that is very affectionate and hates being separated from their human family.

They are the happiest when the family is always with them, so if you have to go away for a couple of hours for work, make sure your Pom has his toys and the TV on. Or, get another pet to keep him company.

Speaking of other pets. If your Pomeranian gets early training and socialization, being around other dogs and even other animals will not be a problem and they will get along just fine.

But, keep in mind that the Pomeranian has a “bossy” attitude and sometimes, that can be a problem if bigger dogs or animals are around.

When it comes to kids, your Pomeranian can be a bit problematic if he is dealing with small children. For example, toddlers tend to be pushy when playing with animals and Pomeranians don’t like that.

They do have a feisty side and there are cases where these dogs snapped at toddlers.

On the other hand, with larger kids that know how to treat and play with a dog, your Pomeranian will turn out to be a great playtime companion.

All in all, these little dogs are great pets that love being around their family. Sure, they can get bossy from time to time, but with early and proper training and socialization, they will quickly turn out to be truly loving and loyal family members.

The Pomeranian Diet

When it comes to food, the best choice for your Pomeranian is a raw food diet. Such a diet should include their favorites such as potatoes, baby carrots, spinach, and zucchini.

Also, they need to eat lean meats such as fish or chicken, and organ meat such as kidneys and liver.

Furthermore, their meals should also contain rice, and you need to make sure the protein intake of the complete meal does not go below 40%.

As for the proper daily amount of food, it would be best to feed your dog with small servings, 2 to 3 times a day, depending on the size and activity levels.

How much Exercise does a Pomeranian need?

Your Pomeranian is one energetic dog. However, considering the size, he should not get more than half an hour of exercise per day.

Pomeranians are well suited for apartment living, and they won’t suffer if you don’t have a yard where they could run all day as this breed doesn’t need the level of exercise the bigger breed need.

The Pomeranian Health and Conditions

When speaking of the Pomeranian’s health, even though this is considered as a breed that is generally healthy, there are a few illnesses and health conditions you should be aware of:

  • Joint problems – Hip and elbow dysplasia
  • Eye problems – Distichiasis, ectropion, cataracts, and dry eye
  • Ear problems – Ear infections

So, when talking to the breeder, make sure he lets you know if the pup’s parents suffered from these health issues, or better yet, ask for test clearances.

My final thoughts on the PomeranianA Pomeranian looking curious

Okay, now you know pretty much everything there is to know about the Pomeranian breed.

You are aware of the questions you need to ask yourself before buying a puppy, as well as the questions you should be asking the breeder to make sure you walk away with a healthy puppy with no hidden health issues.

You also now know that these dogs are fun to be around with and that they don’t have special needs when it comes to the size of the home as long as there is plenty of love in it.

But, their ideal owner should be willing to play, and when we say play we mean a LOT, and to be around all the time.

If there’s no one left home when you go out to work, your Pomeranian will need his toys and the company of the TV or another pet.

Furthermore, they are great with larger kids, while not so patient with toddlers.

In the end, if you buy a Pomeranian, make sure you are prepared to have patience with the training, and that you can provide plenty of socialization in the first couple of weeks of your life together.

You will have to dedicate yourself to introducing your pup to new experiences, but at the same time keep an eye that he doesn’t get into trouble due to his bossy nature.

But, if you are willing to do all of the mentioned, you will end up with a dog that is charming, loyal, and above all full of love.

Thank you for reading our guide and feel free to leave a comment in the comments section, where you can also leave any questions regarding this magnificent breed.

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